Also known as hypertension, high blood pressure is a common condition where blood flows through blood vessels at higher than normal pressure. If left untreated, it can lead to severe coronary heart disease, which results in a heart attack or stroke. To be safe, ensure that you have your blood pressure checked regularly, keenly follow your doctor’s advice, and get your High Blood Pressure refills on time to keep it under control.
Stages of hypertension
Doctors use an instrument called a sphygmomanometer to listen to the sound of the force of the flowing blood in a patient’s arteries as the heart beats (medically known as systolic pressure).
Normal: For a normal person the systolic pressure is less than 120 mm Hg, and a diastolic is less than 80 mm Hg. It doesn’t require treatment, but you should monitor it to ensure that it remains within this normal range.
Prehypertension: It’s the stage before you cross the threshold of developing hypertension or at the risk of moving on to developing a heart disease. People who are at this stage records a systolic pressure of between 120 and 139 mm Hg and a diastolic of between 80 and 89 mm Hg.
Stage 1: People in this group have a systolic pressure of between 140 and 159 mm Hg and a diastolic of 90 to 99 mm Hg. Your doctor may recommend some High Blood Pressure Treatment drugs to reduce the blood pressure as well as the risks of developing a heart disease or stroke. These drugs include ACE inhibitors, thiazide diuretics, beta blockers, angiotensin receptor blockers, and calcium channel blockers.
Stage 2: People in this group have a systolic pressure of 160 mm Hg and higher or diastolic of 100 mm Hg and higher. Beside a change in lifestyle change, it’s recommended to use a two-drug therapy from the five classes of the hypertensive agent to get the blood pressure down.
Symptoms of hypertension
High blood pressure does not show signs until any underlying medical condition such as heart attack, stroke or chest pain arises. However, if you experience these symptoms, it could be likely that you have hypertension.
l Difficulty in breathing
l Vision problems
l Chest pain
l Blood in the urine
l Irregular heartbeat
l Severe headache
l Fatigue or confusion
l Pounding in your ears, chest, or neck
Types of hypertension
There are two types of hypertension, these are
Primary High Blood Pressure: Also known as or essential hypertension, Primary high blood pressure is the most frequent type that tends to develop over the years as a person ages. It results from environmental or genetic factors and accounts for 90-95% of all adult cases.
Secondary High Blood Pressure: Accounting for 2-10% of cases, secondary high blood pressure has multiple etiologies including vascular, renal, and endocrine causes. Besides, it’s attributed to using certain medicines or another medical condition, and it resolves even after the cause is removed or treated.
There are a number of things you can do to prevent the onset of hypertension. These lifestyle measures include managing your body weight into a healthy range, engaging in aerobic exercise, choosing low-fat dairy products, eating fruits and vegetables, limiting alcohol intake, and maintaining an adequate intake of dietary potassium. So if you’re wondering about getting your high blood pressure medications, explore how to get blood pressure medication without insurance online at WalkinClinicOnline.org